Title, Killey’s Fractures of the Mandible Issue 5 of Dental practitioner handbook. Author, Homer Charles Killey. Editor, Peter Banks. Edition, 3, illustrated, reprint. (3E ) Outline of diagnosis & treatment incl. surgical anatomy radiology postoperative care complications. Killey’s fractures of the mandible, 3rd ed. Banks P. Littleton, Mass., John Wright, , pages, 66 illustrations, paperback, $ Killey’s fractures of the.

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Newer Proposed Classification of Mandibular Fractures: A Critical Review with Recent Updates

Inherent weak sites of mandible which is liable to fracture includes angle of mandible especially when third molar is impactedthe socket of the canine tooth due to long root fractkres canine bone amount is lessand the condylar neck.

Gratz [ 10 ] revised a common formula, and suggested digital alphabetical classification similar to tumors TNM. Dingman and Natvig [ 2 ] classified Mandibular fractures into many division but not included occlusion, infection, dislocation component.

Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Ann Med Health Sci Res. Explore the Home Gift Guide. In both cases you should know how to switch cookies back on! This classification does not reveal any information such as dislocation of fracture and the teeth in fracture line. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go.

Mandible fractures are among the most common skeletal injuries in following trauma due to its anatomical location and less support from cranium. Mandible fractures in maxillofacial trauma occur fracgures commonly due to prominence of mandible and comparative lack of bony and soft tissue support. Classified mandibular fractures into six categories for simplification in classification [ 3 ]. There are a lot of classifications of mandibular fractures in literature.

Fractrues Annals of Medical and Rfactures Sciences Research is a bi-monthly multidisciplinary medical journal. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. Share your thoughts with other customers. The most important requirement for the appropriate treatment of mandible fractures is an easy, well defined, unambiguous and therapy-relevant classification.


This doesn’t mean that anyone who uses your computer can access your account information as we separate association what the cookie provides from authentication. Greenstick fracture, Comminuted fracture, Complex fracture, depressed fracture, impacted fracture and Pathological fractures. Anatomic parts of the mandible are the symphysis, parasymphysis, body, angle, ramus, coronoid process, condyle, and alveolus.

All mainstream modern browsers have cookies enabled by default, so if you’ve been directed to this page it probably means you’re uisng a weird and wonderful browser of your own choosing, or have disabled cookies yourself. The demerits of this classification are that it has not included any information related to the primary dentition and also is lengthy.

This vulnerable bone is an active mobile articulation with the maxillary dentition. This classification can only be used where CT scan facilities are available.

They classified mandibular fractures in several categories. Etiologic classification of mandibular fracture.

Killey’s fractures of the mandible ( edition) | Open Library

They use Spiral multislice CT to precisely quoting the mandibular fractures based on location, into alveolar, mandibular proper, and condylar fractures [ 14 ]. We proposed a revised classification of mandibular fracture with well-defined categories and its components in a systematic way along with inclusion of unique case of the totally avulsioned mandible in our classification.

Classification of mandibular fracture according to anatomical location. They assessed mandibular fractures using the taxonomy thd and added weighting factors to address severity. Mandibular fracture is the 2nd most common fracture of the face after nose and 10th most common fractured bone in the human body.

L1 – incisivum, L2 – caninum, L3 -premolars — molars; L4 – angulus mandibulae L5 -ramus mandibulae; L6 – proc. So, it is necessary to point out that there is need of a classification which includes very well defined categories.


Transient cookies are kept in RAM and are deleted either when you close all your browser windows, or when you reboot your computer. It is similar to above classification but except the canine site was removed. Kelly and Harrigan [ 3 ] mandibular fractures were divided into six categories. There are number of classifications quoted in medical literature with killet merits and demerits. Symphysis, parasymphysis, body region, angle region, ramus region, condylar process, coronoid process.

We have discussed various classification systems of mandibular fracture along with their merits and demerits in this review.

Fractures of the Mandible

Would you like to tell us about a lower price? He classified newer classification It consists of alpha-numeric system similar to TNM classification of tumours [ 10 ]. It includes total avulsion of mandible point also into two location i. Various classification systems of mandibular fracture as described in literature are enlisted below. Fracture is defined as a break or breach in the continuity of normal anatomical structure of a bone by the application of excessive force resulting in two or more mandibe of the involved bone.

If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Other important information like occlusion, presence of infection, tooth in the fracture line, soft tissue counterpart was not mentioned.

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