Life. Saʿd ibn Manṣūr ibn Saʿd ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allāh Ibn Kammūna al- Baghdādī was a Jewish philosopher who presumably held an administrative. Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused. Critical Remarks by Najm al-Din al-Katibi on the Kitab al-Ma’alim. Together with the Commentaries by Izz al-Dawla ibn Kammuna. by Sabine Schmidtke.

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His discourse on these issues is philosophical. Submitted version before peer review of a translation and analysis of a short essay by Ibn Kammuna. Mirror Sites View this site from another server: However, here as elsewhere, he takes note of the abilities of gifted people to grasp issues that remain recalcitrant to others who are not so endowed.

However, it has recently been suggested that it is more likely to be connected to the execution of one of his patrons. Tajriba is the most usual justification kwmmuna the knowledge claimed by astrologers and alchemists.

kzmmuna If everything goes well, this page should display the bibliography of the aforementioned article as it appears in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but with links added to PhilPapers records and Kammjna Scholar for your convenience. In general, bibliographies of recent works are going to be much better linked than bibliographies of primary literature and older works.

Paradoxes, Problems, and Sophistries 8. What remains, then, is to compare the claims that are particular to each of the three faiths. It is thus striking that he does not employ the technical term hads in the course of his exposition, or, indeed, anywhere at all in these two writings.

Langermann has published an annotated translation of the Ithbat.

Ibn Kammuna – Wikipedia

We cite here the most important works, mainly in English. In part this is a supercommentary, that is, a response to an earlier set of glosses prepared by his contemporary, Najm al-Din al-Katibi al-Qazwini d. Here follow some items of knowledge that are said to derive from hads. Novikoff review of Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference: The conundrum reverberated in the work of the following generations.

His philosophy belongs to the elaboration, refinement, and defense of the Avicennian tradition, led kammunq his day by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, with whom he corresponded.

Kammunq the other hand, Ibn Kammuna does employ in the shorter work several cognate terms to describe the person who can grasp a certain fact immediately and without the need for lengthy demonstration: Corbin noted the value of its exposition as well as its critical importance for establishing the text of the Talwihat. His special interest in studying the soul nafs calls for explanation.


Ibn Kammuna

In addition, he emphasizes here that the fruits of this special type of knowledge can be fully appreciated only by someone who has experienced them. Ibn Kammuna took the Avicennan reformulation as his basic conception of the soul. It is divided into seven sections. The variation is seen both in the quantity of percepts that are obtained intuitively as well as in the speed of intuitive act. Whether the syllogism is productive, and, in general, just how well Ibn Kammuna has succeeded in answering the modern critics of Avicenna, remain open questions; see Muhlethaler for full discussion.

His fusion of the Halevi’s chronicle of divine revelation from Adam onwards with Maimonides’ rationalistic explanation of the ancient Kamnuna temple cult is not attested from other sources. Acknowledgments Much of the research for this entry kammunx carried out during tenure of a grant from the German Israel Foundation for Scientific Development.

This move has long been thought to have been forced upon Ibn Kammuna by hostile reaction to one of his books.

Ibn Kammuna (d. 1284)

Two applications in particular must be singled out. Ibn Kammuna has clearly mastered both idioms. On the other hand, no Jewish reaction of any sort to the Examination has reached us.

His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused major rioting in Baghdad, forcing him to flee that city in secret. There remains the technical distinction, in that hadsand hads specifically, is said to oammuna the middle term of the syllogism.

Linked bibliography for the SEP article “Ibn Kammuna” by Tzvi Langermann – PhilPapers

His comparative treatise on the three ivn religions ChristianityJudaism and Islamtitled Kajmuna of the Three Faiths challenged the legitimacy of Islam where he reasoned that incompatibility of sharia with the principles of justice undercuts Muhammad’s claims of kammuna a perfect man and stated that people convert to Islam from ulterior motives. Nonetheless, about all that is available in print of this work are some brief quotations in Corbin’s study and translations of selected passages by Shlomo Pines in footnotes to his studies of Abu ‘l Barakat al-Baghdadi.

Ibn Kammuna wrote a much shorter treatise on the differences between the two main Jewish groupings, Rabbinites and Karaites English translation by Nemoy. Ibn Kammuna for Encyclopedia of Islam, 3rd edition, final version.


In particular, the arguments advanced by Ibn Kammuna have as a rule not been taken into account by the editors, who must decide between variants in the manuscripts, or by the critics who review the editions. Nonetheless, we still have no clear picture of a distinctive Ibn Kammunian interpretation of Suhrawardi, if such a thing exists. Schearing in Renaissance Quarterly It meets the requirements of formal logic, since it supplies the middle term of the syllogism, and hence is demonstrative.

His works seem to have addressed the general, rather than the Jewish, public; the most influential of them, as noted, being his commentary on al-Suhrawardi. As Ibn Kammuna writes at the beginning of the Kalimat: However, on close inspection, there is nothing distinctly Muslim about it.

Though his writings as a rule do not betray his Judaism—if anything, they read like the work of a devout, if philosophically inclined, Muslim—his two forays into comparative religion exhibit a clear bias in favor of rabbinic Judaism.

Ibn Kammuna is aware of the questions that are under debate, and as a rule he formulates a clear point of view.

However, there is good evidence that he spent some time in Aleppo; his presence in that important intellectual center explains certain facets of his activity that are otherwise difficult to account for Langermann This is the first known commentary to that work, which, though more Aristotelian than other writings of Suhrawardi, still conveys essential points of the Ishraqi philosophy.

We are thus confronted here with the historiographical and methodological question of the weight to be given to technical terms as opposed to ideas, a question that the present writer opts to leave open.

Even if that plan never came to fruition no evidence of this longer version has as yet turned upit indicates his conviction that important topics ought to be discussed in all three formats, which presumably take into consideration the varying abilities of people to devote time to study.

Joep Lameer scoured all three editions and published a thirty page review In practice, though, it had much wider application and less precise definition. The prophet does have an important role to play in organizing and ordering society.

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